The connection between violent crime in Central America and migration by its citizens to the U.S. has been well documented, but new research from UNH political scientist Mary Malone shows that this prevalence is closely associated with policing practices. In particular, the study finds that countries that have created community-oriented civilian police forces are the source of fewer emigrants than countries that have not.
In 2014, the number of Central Americans seeking refuge in the U.S. – including 57,000 unaccompanied minors – led to great debate in the U.S. and the desire to better understand why it was happening and how to prevent it.
The research found that the Central America migration emergency is not just a product of U.S. policies on drugs, guns and immigration, but the failure of some governments to protect their citizens.
The report can be found here: https://carsey.unh.edu/publication/children-flee-central-america.